Chilli plant

Chilli plant

What you need to know about chili

The chilli of the "Solanaceae" family was brought to Europe by the Spaniards after the discovery of America. There are more than fifty varieties and they come with red, green or yellow fruit. The spicy quality of the vegetable can be recognized by the tip which appears more pointed. Chilli is native to Central America, it is an annual plant that prefers a warm-temperate climate and adapts very well to a temperature of 20-23 degrees. The soil must have an acid pH. It should be placed in an area of ​​the ground exposed to the sun. Watering must be moderate and constant in every phase of the cycle. Chilli is an annual plant and as such must be eliminated when the fruits wither. Chilli contains the alkaloid capsicin, as well as carotenes and vitamins.

Sowing, cultivation and transplanting

Before cultivating chilli pepper, the soil must be fed with abundant manure poured on the soil a few months in advance. It is also useful to continue fertilizing with potassium and phosphorus. Between February and April the hot pepper is sown by broadcasting, placing the seed at a depth of 2-3 mm. After 60-90 days, the seedlings are transplanted, which have now reached a height of 15 centimeters. With a spade, rows 30 centimeters wide and a couple of meters long are formed. A distance of 50-70 centimeters must be respected between one row and another. On the row the seedlings should be placed at a distance of 30-50 centimeters. After 20 days, the chili plant sprouts. Harvesting takes place after 125-170 days, when the chili pepper reaches maturity.

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Properties and healing effects

Chilli as a vegetable is used to add flavor to dishes. The powder is obtained by drying the fruit. For external use just apply the chopped peppers on the painful area, then cover it with a woolen cloth. Chili pepper stimulates the production of gastric and intestinal juices, activating all the organs of the digestive system and therefore is recommended for those with digestive difficulties, for those suffering from gastric ptosis and for those with no appetite. For external use, the chili pepper is indicated to counteract rheumatism, back pain, stiff necks and muscle pains. Those suffering from gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcer, colitis and hemorrhoids should not consume chilli. It is also not recommended for men suffering from prostatitis (it can cause urine retention) and for women suffering from cystitis.

Chilli plant: Growing in pots

The fruits of the Capsicum Annuum have different shapes and colors: green, orange, red, yellow, purple. The annual chilli prefers full sun exposure. The soil should be wet frequently and every two weeks it needs a liquid fertilizer. Chilli is a plant that likes a cool environment, in fact it is necessary to avoid exposing it near a heat source. When there is poor lighting, wrong fertilizations and temperatures, poor watering, the leaves wither and tend to fall. Chilli is a species that is affected by the spider mite. You can prevent the appearance of the insect by spraying the leaves with a nebulizer, and keeping the plant in a humid environment, otherwise you can resort to the use of specific products.

Video: How To Grow Naga Chilli From Seeds. Dorset Naga Morich